Tag: research

Vaccine Education and Advocacy

Need to get educated about vaccines?

In addition to reading through the Vaxopedia, these articles and websites can help you see through the myths and conspiracy theories that might make you think about delaying or skipping one or more vaccines.

Still have questions?

Your pediatrician can be a great resource.

Vaccine Information Statements

Vaccine Information Statements (VISs) are produced by the CDC and help vaccine providers inform patients about the benefits and risks of the vaccines they are getting.

In fact, under the National Vaccine Childhood Injury Act, vaccine providers are required to give out a VIS before giving a vaccine, including those for:

  • Diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis containing vaccines (DTaP, DT, Td, and Tdap)
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Influenza (both Inactivated and Live, Intranasal vaccines)
  • MMR
  • MMRV
  • Meningococcal
  • Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV13)
  • Polio
  • Rotavirus
  • Varicella

Unlike the package insert for a vaccine, “VISs are based on the ACIP’s recommendations, which occasionally differ from those made by the manufacturer. These differences may involve adverse events. Package inserts generally tend to include all adverse events that were temporally associated with a vaccine during clinical trials, whereas ACIP tends to recognize only those believed to be causally linked to the vaccine.” That makes the  VIS a better tool to use when doing your research on a vaccine.

For more information:

Package Inserts for Vaccines

The package inserts for vaccines are not as useful as many parents believe, especially if you are trying to do research about vaccines.

No, it is not because your pediatrician won’t let you read them, after all, package inserts for each and every vaccine are easy to find.

And it certainly isn’t because package inserts are hiding information that would keep you from getting your kids vaccinated if you were more aware of it.

Again, vaccine package inserts are easy to find.

It is that some of the information in the vaccine package insert is not what you think it is. For example, in addition to Data from Clinical Studies, the Adverse Reactions section includes side effects that are voluntarily reported and for which “it may not be possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to vaccine exposure.”

What does that mean?

Just because a side effect is in the package insert, depending on the section, it doesn’t automatically mean that it was caused by the vaccine. That is why autism and SIDS are listed as adverse events for the Tripedia vaccine.

Adverse  events  reported  during  post-approval  use  of  Tripedia  vaccine  include  idiopathic  thrombocytopenic  purpura,  SIDS, anaphylactic reaction, cellulitis, autism, convulsion/grand mal convulsion, encephalopathy, hypotonia, neuropathy, somnolence and  apnea.  Events  were  included  in  this  list  because  of  the  seriousness  or  frequency  of  reporting.  Because  these  events  are reported  voluntarily  from  a  population  of  uncertain  size,  it  is  not  always  possible  to  reliably  estimate  their  frequencies  or  to establish a causal relationship to components of Tripedia vaccine.

In fact, many studies have shown that there is no causal relation between vaccines and autism or vaccines and SIDS.

Package inserts are useful, but you should understand why and how they were written if you are going to add them to your vaccine research.

For more information:

ACIP

The ACIP or Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices is a group of fifteen volunteer medical and public health experts who make vaccine recommendations for children and adults in the United States.

The ACIP:

  • helps the CDC set the US childhood immunization schedule, along with the AAP and AAFP.
  • includes a consumer representative and fourteen experts from the fields of vaccinology, immunology, pediatrics, internal medicine, nursing, family medicine, virology, public health, infectious diseases, and/or preventive
    medicine.
  • are appointed by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of
    Health and Human Services (DHHS)
  • holds three meetings a year at the CDC

For more information:

New Vaccines

Children and teens currently get 13 vaccines that protect them against 16 vaccine-preventable diseases, including DTaP, IPV (polio), hepatitis B, Hib, Prevnar 13, rotavirus, MMR, Varivax (chicken pox), hepatitis A, Tdap, HPV, MCV 4 (meningococcal vaccine), and influenza.

Although that is a big increase from the number of vaccines that they were getting in the 1960s and 1980s, it is also a big increase in the number of diseases that they are protected against.

Few vaccines have been added to the immunization schedule recently though, despite the fact that some folks claim that 300 new vaccines are in the pipeline and will soon be given to kids.

For More Information on New Vaccines: