MMR Vaccines

The first vaccines to protect against measles, mumps, and rubella were developed in:

  • measles-inactivated vaccine – 1963
  • measles-live, attenuated vaccine – 1965-8
  • mumps vaccine – 1967
  • rubella vaccine – 1969

It would be a few more years until these three vaccines were combined into the single MMR vaccine (1971).

Today, all children get their first dose of one of the MMR when they are 12 to 15 months old, getting a second dose when they are four to six years old.

Infants should get a dose before 12 months, as early as six months, if they will be traveling out of the United States. And should complete the two dose series if they will be traveling out of the country before they are four years old.

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