Awareness of autism has greatly increased in recent years.
Some people are even suggesting that we have gotten to the point where autism is being over-diagnosed.
Remember when folks got upset because Seinfeld said that he might be on the autism spectrum?
Misdiagnosis of Kids with Autism and Vaccine Injury
Although autism might be over-diagnosed in some situations, it is just as likely to be under-diagnosed in others. That’s especially true when you hear about misdiagnosed autistic adults. No, not adults who were misdiagnosed with autism, but adults who are actually autistic, but were misdiagnosed with other conditions, like schizophrenia, anxiety, or personality disorders.
It is also probable that autism is actually sometimes misdiagnosed. That’s right, there are some other conditions that can be confused or misdiagnosed as autism.
“Generation Rescue believes that childhood neurological disorders such as autism, Asperger’s, ADHD/ADD, speech delay, sensory integration disorder, and many other developmental delays are all misdiagnoses for mercury poisoning.”
When Generation Rescue, Jenny McCarthy‘s autism organization, was founded, they believed that autism was caused by mercury poisoning. Actually, not just caused by, but that autism actually was a “misdiagnosis for mercury poisoning.”
No one really seems to believe that anymore, but there are some other conditions that can legitimately be misdiagnosed as autism.
Consider Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), which is also known as Progressive Epileptic Aphasia or Aphasia with Convulsive Disorder. Children with LKS develop normally, but then have:
- a severe regression in language functioning, with a progressive loss of speech, especially receptive speech or understanding what other people say
- seizures, including focal motor seizures, focal seizures that become tonic-clonic seizures, atypical absence seizures, and atonic seizures.
- behavioral problems, including having poor attention, being hyperactive and aggressive, and having anxiety
LKS can be difficult to diagnose because the seizures can be subclinical (only recognized on an EEG) at first, so the child may have already regressed by the time they have obvious seizures. And they might improve as the seizures are treated.
“After 35 years as a speech pathologist, I’ve seen many children with a diagnosis of autism that turned out to be a combination of language delay, sensory issues and apraxia.”
What If the Diagnosis of Autism Is Wrong?
Other conditions can have signs and symptoms that overlap with autism too (although they also sometimes occur with autism), making a misdiagnosis possible, including:
- childhood apraxia of speech – children with this motor speech disorder have a hard time talking
- language delays
- selective mutism – only affects children in some situations, like at school, but they talk well at home with close family
- sensory issues
- 22q11.2 deletion syndrome – a chromosomal disorder that causes many signs and symptoms, including some that resemble autism
But how can a child be misdiagnosed with autism?
“…inexperienced professionals, with narrow, preconceived notions of what ASD is, may place too much weight on symptoms that although associated with ASD, are not necessarily definitive of ASD. In other cases, and as noted above, problems in social relatedness and social interaction observed during the diagnostic process, may be artifacts of the unfamiliarity and artificiality of the setting itself.”
Barry M. Prizant On the Diagnosis and Misdiagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder
It shouldn’t be hard to imagine that a child could be misdiagnosed with autism, especially as there are more children with suspected autism, including children getting screened at an earlier age, meaning that there is a big demand for autism evaluations.
“Ideally, the definitive diagnosis of an ASD should be made by a team of child specialists with expertise in ASDs.”
AAP on the Identification and Evaluation of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders
Unfortunately, that can mean that some of those evaluations are being done by health care providers without any added expertise in formally diagnosing autism, including some pediatricians, neurologists, counselors, and social workers, etc.
While many health care providers can evaluate and diagnose autism, from a child neurologist, developmental pediatrician, and child psychiatrist to a child psychologist, speech-language pathologist, pediatric occupational therapist, and social worker, they should all have expertise in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).
Getting the Diagnosis Right
Why is it so important to get the diagnosis right?
Most importantly, a correct diagnosis means that a child will get the right treatment as early as possible. Also though, in an age when some parents still try to associate vaccines with autism, a misdiagnosis can be especially problematic, perhaps leading to a vaccine injury story.
Remember back in the 1970s when many parents blamed the DPT vaccine for causing their kids to have seizures and brain damage? We now know that some, if not many, of them had Dravet syndrome, a genetic condition (SCN1A mutation) in which children develop severe, fever-related seizures before their first birthday.
“We present here the cases of 5 children who presented for epilepsy care with presumed parental diagnoses of alleged vaccine encephalopathy caused by pertussis vaccinations in infancy. Their conditions were all rediagnosed years later, with the support of genetic testing, as Dravet syndrome.”
Reyes et al on Alleged cases of vaccine encephalopathy rediagnosed years later as Dravet syndrome
In addition to the seizures, these children have developmental delays and autism-like characteristics. They don’t have a “vaccine encephalopathy.” Just like autistic kids don’t have mercury poisoning or any kind of vaccine damage.
What to Know About the Misdiagnosis of Kids with Autism and Vaccine Injury
To help avoid a misdiagnosis, if possible, a team of child specialists with expertise in evaluating kids with autism spectrum disorders should see your child with suspected autism.
More on Misdiagnosis of Kids with Autism and Vaccine Injury
- Jenny McCarthy setting the record straight…when it suits her
- Fanning the Vaccine-Autism Link
- Another example of misdiagnosed autistic adults
- Seinfeld Now Says He Doesn’t Have Autism
- Jerry Seinfeld, the Broader Autism Phenotype and a Major Fail by some Parent Activists
- Jenny McCarthy setting the record straight…when it suits her
- Identification and Treatment of Landau-Kleffner Syndrome
- Landau-Kleffner Syndrome
- Childhood Apraxia of Speech
- There Was Something Going on With This Child, But What?
- How Do We Better Identify and Support Minorities With Autism?
- What If the Diagnosis of Autism Is Wrong?
- On the Diagnosis and Misdiagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder
- The Most Common Misdiagnoses in Children
- Dually Diagnosed: Autism and Hearing Loss
- 22q11.2 deletion syndrome
- Alleged Cases of Vaccine Encephalopathy Rediagnosed Years as Dravet Syndrome
- Study – Examining the Overlap between Autism Spectrum Disorder and 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome
- AAP – When Not to Worry About Autism
- Early Signs of Autism
- AAP – Early Screening of Autism Spectrum Disorder: Recommendations for Practice and Research
- AAP – Identification and Evaluation of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders
- AAP – How is Autism Diagnosed?
- CDC – Autism Recommendations and Guidelines
- Could schools be doing more to identify autistic kids?
- Autism Epidemic? Not in the NSCH data
- There can’t be a genetic epidemic?
- The Increase in Autism Diagnoses: Two Hypotheses