Only one vaccine-preventable disease has actually been declared eradicated in the world – smallpox in 1979.
Rinderpest was also eradicated with vaccines, but unlike smallpox, rinderpest was a disease of livestock.
The second vaccine-preventable disease to be eradicated will likely be polio.
Guinea worm disease may be eradicated first, but not with the help of vaccines.
Many more vaccine-preventable diseases have been eliminated in certain areas. For example, in the United States, endemic yellow fever, polio, measles, rubella and respiratory diphtheria have all been eliminated. So have neonatal tetanus and congenital rubella syndrome.
For more information:
- Disease Elimination vs Eradication
- History of Disease Eradication
- The Principles of Disease Elimination and Eradication
- Guinea Worm Eradication Program
- Control, Eliminate, Eradicate A Disease: What’s The Difference?