Albert Sabin is well known as the developer of the oral polio vaccine.
In 1961, Sabin’s live, attenuated polio vaccine replaced Jonas Salk’s inactivated polio vaccine that had been in use since 1955.
Although OPV is very effective and safe, because of the very small risk of vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP), many polio-free, industrialized countries eventually switch back to IPV.
The United States switched back to IPV in 2000.
More on Albert Sabin
- Do You Remember Sabin Sundays?
- Why Do We Still Vaccinate If Polio Has Been Eliminated?
- John Salamone and the Oral Polio Vaccine
- Are Mutant Strains of Polio Vaccine Now Causing More Paralysis Than Wild Polio?
- Polio Survivor Stories
- Milestones Towards the Eradication of Polio
- The Legacy of Albert B. Sabin
- Albert Sabin, Polio Researcher, 86, Dies – The New York Times
- Oral polio vaccine
- World Health Organization Guidelines for Containment of Poliovirus Following Type-Specific Polio Eradication — Worldwide, 2015
- Polio vaccine causes cancer – myth debunked