Would you know what to do if you were exposed to a disease, whether it was measles or COVID-19, and were told to self-quarantine?
After someone in New Hampshire went to an invitation only private event, exposing others to SARS-CoV-2, after he was told to self-quarantine, it’s obvious that some folks either don’t know or don’t care.
How to Self-Quarantine After Being Exposed to a Disease
To be clear, quarantines can be important to help prevent the spread of communicable disease.
Quarantine separates and restricts the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick.CDC on Legal Authorities for Isolation and Quarantine
To be effective, the person in quarantine has to isolate themselves from other people until they pass the incubation period for the disease, so that they don’t get sick and then get others sick.
Under self-quarantine, you stay home, avoid other people, and monitor yourself for symptoms.
Being in self-quarantine brings up some important questions.
Who is being put into self-quarantine?
So far, the biggest group is those folks returning from areas with widespread or ongoing community spread.
The University of Connecticut is requiring 90 students returning from study abroad programs in Italy and South Korea to self-quarantine for 14 days before returning to campus.
UConn Students Returning From Italy, South Korea Must Self-Quarantine: School
How long do you stay in self-quarantine?
Your time in self-quarantine depends on the disease that you are being quarantined for. In the case of measles or chickenpox, for example, you would stay in quarantine for up to 21 days. For COVID-19, it is only 14 days.
Can you self-quarantine in a home with other people?
Not surprisingly, you can self-quarantine in a home with other people, but you don’t want to mix with those other people or share any household items. That means staying in your own room and using your own bathroom.
You should also carefully clean any surfaces that you touch while in quarantine.
And be sure to call ahead and wear a mask if you have to seek medical attention.
What Happens if You Violate Your Self-Quarantine?
Remember though, the point of self-quarantine is to avoid contact with other people, so you don’t want to:
- order food or groceries and have contact with the delivery person (have them leave the delivery outside the door)
- watch TV or eat dinner with your roommates while you are in self-quarantine
- leave quarantine to go to a party or the gym
- leave quarantine to go to work or school
What happens if you violate your quarantine?
“A Brookfield couple will pay fines for violating a quarantine order that could have exposed others to the measles. Jeffrey Murawski and Christine Bennett pleaded no contest in court Monday. Police say Bennett drove Murawski to a gym while he was under quarantine.”Couple to pay fine for violating quarantine order
In addition of the risk that you could get others sick, breaking quarantine could put you at risk of fines and/or imprisonment.
More on Self-Quarantines
- Should You Be Tested for COVID-19?
- COVID-19 Hype or Hazard
- Tips for Social Distancing, Quarantine, and Isolation During an Infectious Disease Outbreak
- What to do if you have confirmed 2019-nCoV infection, or are being evaluated for 2019-nCoV infection, and are being cared for at home.
- CDC – Legal Authorities for Isolation and Quarantine
- CDC – Travelers from Countries with Widespread Sustained (Ongoing) Transmission Arriving in the United States
- What is the difference between isolation and quarantine?
- Federal Quarantine Guidance for Novel Coronavirus
- CDC – Interim Guidance for Implementing Home Care of People Not Requiring Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
- CDC – Interim Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Patients with Known or Persons Under Investigation for 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-NCoV) in a Healthcare Setting
- CDC – Preventing COVID-19 Spread in Communities
- CDC – How COVID-19 Spreads
- Isolation and Quarantine Guidelines and Forms
- State Quarantine and Isolation Statutes
- Study – Feasibility of controlling COVID-19 outbreaks by isolation of cases and contacts
- Penalties for violation of quarantine laws
- Coronavirus: More may need to self-isolate to stop spread
- UConn Students Returning From Italy, South Korea Must Self-Quarantine: School
- Couple to pay fine for violating quarantine order